History of Career or Vocational Guidance

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Table of Contents

History of Career or Vocational Guidance

Career Guidance

Before 1900s

Turn of the Century late 1800s and early 1900s

Labor day becomes a Holiday First Monday of September

More on Labor Day

Movement toward education for purpose and assessment

VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE MOVEMENT

Parson’s Background

Frank Parsons-- founding father of Vocational Guidance

Parson’s Motivation

Parsons Motivation continued….

Vocational Bureau of Boston

National Conference on Guidance

PARSON’S Book

Careful Inspection of Parsons’ Writing Reveals 10 Principles:

Parson’s Principles continued…….

Three main points that have not changed much since then.

Current Goals of Career Education in Arkansas

Parson’s Work is Sited

Choosing a Vocation Parsons, 1909, p. 4.

ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY

Charles Prosser and his Doctrine of Social Efficiency

Relative Events of the Times

Time Marched On!

CHANGES IN THE EMPHASIS IN COUNSELING AFTER THE 1950'S

Time Marched On!

Time Marched On!

Career Related Games Milton Bradley -- 1955

"WHAT SHALL I BE" GAME EXCITING GAME OF CAREERS FOR GIRLS 1966 Selchow & Righter co.

Time Marched On! continued….

Time Marched On! continued…

Sidney J. Marland (Commissioner of Education-1971)

MARLIN’S Four-Fold Plan for Career Development, Components 1 and 2

MARLIN’S Plan, Continued… Components 3 and 4

Experimental models for career education developed by the U.S. Office of Education

School Based Model

Employee-Experience-Based Model

Rural-Residential-Based Model

Home-Community-Based Model

Time Marched On! continued…

Terrel Bell was First Commissioner of Education After Marland Note: President Carter make this a Cabinet level position

Three Main Provisions of Title IV, Section 406 of P.L. 93-380; (1974)

Provision 2

Provision 3

THE CAREER EDUCATION INCENTIVE ACT 95-207 (1977)

Career Education in Arkansas

CHANGES IN THEORIES UNDERLYING VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE SINCE THE TURN OF THE CENTURY as noted by Calhoun and Finch

Age focus is out the window

Work to understand who you are

Continuous Process, Cradle to Grave

Human Development

History marches on…...

Author: College of Agri

Email: dagnew@creek.astate.edu

Home Page: www.clt.astate.edu/dagnew

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